Biden signs policing executive order two years after George Floyd’s death

Two years after George Floyd’s death at the hands of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, President Biden will sign an executive order on federal police at the White House on Wednesday, several sources told CBS News.

The executive order comes after failed bipartisan negotiations to reform policing in Congress last year. The effort, sparked by Floyd’s death, was led by Republican Senator Tim Scott, Democrat Senator Corey Booker, and Democratic Representative Karen Bass of South Carolina. The Police Brotherhood (FOP) and the International Association of Police Chiefs (IACP) also participated in bipartisan negotiations.

The two sources told CBS News that the executive order would include sections on establishing a liability database for officers fired for misconduct, prohibiting strangulation, and limiting knock-on warrants at the federal level. Counter-bias training is also expected to be included.

Retired CEO Terrence Cunningham, now deputy director of the IACP, added that some sections are expected to include strengthening officer recruitment and supporting officer safety and health. Cunningham also said the White House worked with the FOP and the IACP on the executive order.

Cunningham said the IACP plans to attend a signing ceremony on Wednesday.

He also hopes that the Executive Order, which reflects the views of the FOP and the IACP in CBS News, will become a “blueprint” for legislation, and that it contains a “clear component”.

House Speaker Joyce Beatty, Speaker of the Black Caucasus, recently received a briefing from the White House and was optimistic about the upcoming orders.

“I trust this president and his administration,” Beatty told CBS News. “To be honest, we’re not going to get everyone. I’m fine because our glasses are half full and progress is moving the needle.”

According to a memo sent to law enforcement last week, the Justice Department on Tuesday updated federal law enforcement’s policy on the use of force for the first time since 2004.

“It is the policy of the Ministry of Justice to cherish and preserve human life,” the memo reads. Approved by the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Agency, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the FBI and the US Police Department, the memo directs law enforcement officers to be “objectively reasonable” and to use only force to protect the safety of officers and others. .

The federal government has not succeeded in enacting police reform in the two years since Floyd died during his arrest in May 2020. Chauvin had been kneeling Floyd’s neck for over nine minutes, complaining that Floyd couldn’t breathe. Three other police officers were involved in his death. condemnation Earlier this year, Floyd was stripped of his medical rights. Chauvin is sentencing 22 years 1/2 years for the murder of Floyd.

The federal government, under the Constitution, is not authorized to enact laws that can directly change the policing of states or municipalities, but if Congress passes the reforms, it could be financed by federal grants incentivizing states and municipalities. There is. Changes must be implemented before they can be used.

Actions taken by the Department of Justice, which do not affect state or local police force, indicate that federal police cannot use lethal force solely to prevent fugitive suspects from escaping, and firearms may not be released from the police. A vehicle that moves in most situations.

In particular, the memo directs police officers to “recognize and act in accordance with” their duty to reasonably intervene and stop “police engaging in excessive or other use of force in violation of the Constitution, other federal laws, or other police force.” .

Federal law enforcement officers will now be trained in these types of interventions and will also receive guidance on de-escalation tactics to help ensure individual compliance before force is required.

“Reducing the need for force, where possible, will help police officers ensure their own safety as well as the safety of the public,” the memo reads.

The powers of this memo will take effect July 19, and each law enforcement agency under the Department of Justice will appoint a leader to implement the reforms.

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