Monkeypox: Experts say recent rave sex could lead to surge

key point

  • Two recent rave parties were held in Spain and Belgium.
  • Monkey chickenpox cases continue to be reported in European countries
  • Stigmatizing people because of disease is “absolutely unacceptable”: WHO

More cases of monkey pox have been reported during ongoing outbreaks in countries that are generally disease-free, with cases reported in European countries. One expert said the outbreak may have spread through sexual activity at two rave parties in Europe.

The main theory for the spread of the disease may be sexual activity in two recent raves in Spain and Belgium, Dr. David Heymann, director of the World Health Organization’s emergency department, told the AP on Friday. Press down (AP).

“We know that monkey pox can spread when it comes in close contact with lesions from an infected person,” Heyman said, “and sexual contact appears to have amplified the transmission.”

“It is very likely that someone has been infected and has developed lesions on the genitals, hands, or other places and then spread it to others during sexual or close physical contact. And these international events have spawned outbreaks around the world. , the United States and other European countries,” added Heymann.

Endemic monkey chickenpox disease is commonly limited It is spreading to West and Central Africa, but more cases have occurred. record In other countries where the virus is not endemic. over in Europe 100 cases According to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, 67 cases had already been confirmed in nine EU/EEA member countries as of Friday, with confirmed or suspected cases as of Friday.ECDC).

The case was “very unusual” as the disease was also reported in people who had no history of travel to the endemic area. It may also be related to sexual transmission, according to poxvirus expert Inger Damon, Ph.D. Before fist Many global cases occur “in sexual networks.”

The ECDC says some cases have been recorded in men who have had sex with men (MSM), suggesting transmission through “intimate relationships”. The WHO also found that cases were “predominantly but not exclusively” in MSM.

“Sex is essentially intimate contact, which is expected to increase the chances of transmission regardless of an individual’s sexual orientation and mode of transmission,” said a virologist at Imperial College London. Mike Skinner said according to AP.

The CDC also noted that “anyone, regardless of sexual orientation,” can spread the disease through close contact.

According to the WHO, efforts should focus on those affected and those they may have had close contact with, from family members to sexual partners and even the health care workers who cared for them.

The WHO notes that “stigmatizing people because of disease is absolutely unacceptable.” “It could be an obstacle to ending an outbreak as it could prevent people from seeking treatment and lead to an undetected spread.”

WHO officials said the outbreak was still “under control” at a meeting on Monday, and Heyman also noted that it would not cause widespread transmission, according to the AP.

“This is not a corona,” Heyman said, according to the AP. “We need to slow it down, but it doesn’t spread through the air and there is a vaccine to prevent it.”

In this picture taken on May 22, 2022, you can see a test tube marked “Monkey Head Virus Positive”. Photo = Reuters / Tea ceremony Rubik

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