new delhi — India’s Supreme Court withheld a controversial British colonial law that critics claim had been widely misused by government critics for decades. The agitation law allows authorities to arrest people charged with a wide range of anti-government activities without a warrant.
The Supreme Court on Wednesday ordered the government to suspend all agitation trials and stop registering new cases until the federal government completes its review of the bill. The government has previously said it will conduct a review after defending the old law.
More than 13,000 people have been imprisoned under the law in India, according to Kapil Sibal, a lawyer representing activists who challenged the measure in court. People convicted under section 124A of the Indian Criminal Code can now formally apply for bail by order of the Supreme Court.
Because the law itself explicitly prohibits the possibility of bail for those arrested under the law, the Supreme Court’s order provides a welcome opportunity to release hundreds of politicians, activists, journalists, students, artists, academics and other prisoners. Will be.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, NV Ramanna, said, “The courts are trying to strike a balance between civil liberties and the sovereignty of the state. This is a difficult event.” He said it was “clear” that the government acknowledged that the agitation law was “inconsistent with the current situation and intended for the colonial era.”
The Agitation Act was introduced in 1870 by the British colonial government of India. British rulers used it for silence., the iconic leader in the nonviolent struggle for freedom in India. He was arrested for participating in anti-government protests in 1922 and sentenced to six years in prison, but was released two years later for medical reasons.
This law states: punishable by life imprisonment (fines may be added) or imprisonment of not more than 3 years (fines may be added) or fine under extradition law.”
According to Data collected from the website “Article14”405 Indians were charged with sedition between 2010 and 2021. More than 90% of these took office in 2014.
According to Article 14, a quarter of 405 cases involved people accused of posting “anti-national” content on social media.
The federal government has said it will “review” colonial-era laws and submit its views to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear the case again in July.