What is NATO and why was it formed?

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a political and military alliance of North American and European countries formed in the aftermath of World War II to avoid future bloodshed and hostility between nations.

The organization is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, and its current secretary-general is Jens Stoltenberg.

Thirty member states are obligated to assist their fellow signatories in the event of an attack by foreign powers under the North Atlantic Treaty of 4 April 1949.

its own words: “NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. “We have the military to carry out crisis management operations if our diplomatic efforts fail,” he said.

Originally created as the Treaty of Dunkirk, signed by Britain and France on 4 March 1947, to prevent future military aggression by revived Germany or the Soviet Union, it was soon extended to Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. USA, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark and Iceland.

The alliance, which remained entrenched during the Cold War, took on new life with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 and gradually added former Soviet satellite states to the ranks. The first was in 1999 in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, followed by Bulgaria and Estonia. , Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia 2004.

The most recent addition to the alliance was North Macedonia in 2020.

Joining NATO provides small countries with guaranteed military protection from their entire alliance. This is why Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia and, most urgently, Ukraine, seek to join the group, and why Russian President Vladimir Putin opposes the latter. In particular, admission was granted.

Putin has vehemently criticized NATO in the past and falsely claimed in the early 1990s that he had promised former Kremlin leader Mikhail Gorbachev that the alliance would not seek to expand its influence into eastern Germany. We promised first in 1999, and we promise again in 2004.

Putin created a Russian army on the western border in December 2021 before invading Ukraine on February 24, protesting Western demands to withdraw its troops, calling for NATO to reject Ukraine’s acceptance of Ukraine. Its ranks and alliances cease and cease activity in the Eastern Member States.

The Russian president claims that Russia and Ukraine are in fact one country and appears to be trying to reunite Russia into his supposed homeland, much like the annexation of Crimea in 2014.

Ukraine wants the defensive protection of its alliance as part of Kyiv’s effort to be recognized as a free Western democracy protected from Moscow’s malign influence.

If Ukraine does not belong to NATO, allied member states, including the United Kingdom and the United States, have no obligation to send troops or provide military assistance.


However, a number of British troops are currently stationed in fellow member countries Estonia and Poland as part of the organization’s peacekeeping missions, and the UK has conducted extensive military exercises with the Ukrainian army since 2015 and has pledged to continue supplying arms to Kyiv. To counter Russian aggression during the current conflict.

NATO’s official position is that membership is open to “all other European countries in a position to advance the principles of the treaty and contribute to the security of the North Atlantic region”.

Current concerns about the alliance are that if Russia succeeds in conquering Ukraine, it could continue its expansion westward, take over other foreign countries like Georgia, and indeed set a precedent for other global superpowers to follow, perhaps China taking Taiwan. You can make it bold to do it. for example.

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