What weapons does Ukraine have when fighting Russia?

Destructive missiles strike cities like Kyiv, Kharkiv and Mariupol as Vladimir Putin’s forces adopt brutal siege tactics similar to those previously deployed in Chechnya and Syria as Russia’s brutal invasion of Ukraine is now in its third month The attack was witnessed.

Meanwhile, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky continued to lead protests on the streets of the capital, calling for international support.

On the country’s western border, some 5 million people have now fled to neighboring countries such as Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Moldova, where fighting continues in the east, creating a serious humanitarian crisis.

Russia most recently focused its efforts on securing the industrial center of Donbas, which has been fighting fiercely between pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk since 2014.

The international community continues to condemn the Kremlin’s actions, and as Western corporations withdraw from Russia, sports stars are banned from international competitions, and Putin finds himself presiding over a villainous state, it has been criticized by Russian banks, businesses, politicians and oligarchs. It imposed strong economic sanctions. on the world stage.

NATO members continue to provide Ukraine with diplomatic support, aid, and weapons, but refuse to establish a no-fly zone for fear of becoming involved in a much bigger war over Eastern Europe, leaving the country in a lonely fight to maintain its independence. .

Russia’s army is much larger than Ukraine’s in all areas, but Zelensky’s army is still a threat and can at least defend against continued Russian invasions, as the world has seen since the outbreak of the war on February 24.

Next, let’s take a look at the combatant’s comparative abilities.

How big is the Ukrainian Air Force?

According to the Flight International 2022 World Air Forces database, the Ukrainian Air Force has 210 military aircraft, including 98 fighters, as of the start of the war.

They consisted of a Soviet-made MiG-29 and three types of Sukhoi jets.

However, according to Flight International’s database, Russia has a total of 3,863 aircraft, almost 15 times more fighters than Ukraine.

Ukrainian Sukhoi Su-27 fighter


Although the arsenal is small, the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine claims that as of 26 April a total of 52 Russian aircraft had been shot down.

How big is Russia’s army?

Since 2014-15, Ukraine has tripled its defense budget to improve its armed forces and comply with the standards required by NATO membership requirements.

The increased investment helped Ukrainian troops rival those of Russia, but now had 125,600 soldiers compared to Russia’s 280,000 at the start of hostilities.

In terms of total military personnel, Russia’s 900,000 men and women on active duty surpass Ukraine’s 196,600.

Russian cruiser conducting artillery battles and destroying simulated enemy submarines in the Black Sea near Sevastopol


Ukraine also has a reserve of 900,000 people (those who have received military training in the last 5 years) compared to 2 million in Russia.

They have 3 times more artillery, 6 times more tanks, and 7 times more armored vehicles than Ukraine.

The Russian Navy operates 74 warships and 51 submarines, compared to two Ukrainian warships.

Military analysts said Ukraine’s anti-aircraft and missile defense systems were weak at the start of the war, making them very vulnerable to attacks on Russia’s key infrastructure.

They expected Russia to use its advantage in electronic warfare to paralyze enemy command and control and cut off communications with field units.

What weapons does Ukraine have?

Several Western countries have helped Ukraine to strengthen its military defenses.

Since 2014, the United States has provided more than $2.5 billion in military aid, including javelin anti-tank missiles, coastal patrol ships, Humvees, sniper rifles, reconnaissance drones, radar systems, night vision goggles and radio equipment.

Turkey has sold several Bayraktar TB2 drones in Kyiv, the UK provided 2,000 short-range anti-tank missiles to Ukraine in January, and has sent British military experts to train since Putin’s army annexed Crimea in 2014. provided.

Here is a list of the weapons Ukraine has and what they do.

Javelin anti-tank guided missile

Purpose: Anti-tank missiles use infrared systems to lock targets. In other words, the military does not need to aim.

Javelin anti-tank guided missile

(Creative Commons)

The missile can fly up to 490 feet before making contact with the target.

Next Generation Light Tank Weapons

Purpose: This weapon is another anti-tank missile that the UK donated 2,000 to Ukraine.

Russian-backed separatists and front-line Ukrainian soldiers inspect a Swedish-British portable anti-tank guided missile near the village of Novognativka in the Donetsk region.


It can fly at a speed of 440 miles per hour using an inertial navigation system to fly to a target vehicle.

stinger missile

Purpose: Latvia and Lithuania donated Stinger missiles launched from Man-Portable-Air-Defence Systems (MANPADS) that use infrared guidance technology to search for and attack flying targets.

Lithuanian military assistance, including Stinger anti-aircraft missiles delivered as part of a security assistance package to Ukraine


Used by Ukrainian forces to shoot down Russian aircraft.

Bayraktar TB2 Drone

Intended use: Turkey-supplied drones can fly 24 hours a day with a payload of 150 kg at an altitude of 24,000 feet.

(Creative Commons)

It can conduct air strikes on tanks and bunkers at an altitude of up to 5 miles to dodge enemy machine guns.

Drones can navigate without GPS signals, but it’s unclear whether they were used in Ukraine yet.

Is Ukraine running out of weapons?

Up-to-date information on the front lines may be difficult to prove, but reports suggest Ukraine may be short of weapons.

Zelensky requested more supplies from Western countries to sustain resistance to the Russian advance.

Western officials have been cited as saying that Kyiv’s military is “consuming a lot of weapons”, and Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitro Kuleva personally warned at the beginning of the conflict that there was “two weeks” until Kyiv runs out of weapons. It is understood. – Tanks and anti-aircraft missiles – a situation not yet realized thanks to European and American munitions.

Does Ukraine have nuclear missiles?

no. However, the country possessed about a third of the Soviet Union’s nuclear weapons until its dissolution in 1991.

These included 130 UR-100N intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) with six warheads each, 46 RT-23 Molodets ICBMs with ten warheads each, 33 heavy bombers and a total of 1,700 warheads.

In 1994, Ukraine agreed to abolish its nuclear weapons and accede to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

To commemorate Ukraine’s withdrawal of nuclear weapons in 1996, a sunflower planting ceremony was held at the Pervomaysk missile base.

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